TBM: Part 2, Chapter 4

by Arthur Schopenhauer translated by Arthur Brodrick Bullock Critique of Kant’s Basis of Ethics: ON THE BASIS OF THE KANTIAN ETHICS. With the imperative Form of Ethics, which in Chapter II. we proved to be a petitio principii, is directly connected a favourite idea of Kant’s, that may be excused, but cannot be adopted. Sometimes […]

TBM: Part 2, Chapter 3

by Arthur Schopenhauer translated by Arthur Brodrick Bullock Critique of Kant’s Basis of Ethics: ON THE ASSUMPTION OF DUTIES TOWARDS OURSELVES IN PARTICULAR. This form of the doctrine of duties was very acceptable to Kant, and in working out his position he left it untouched; for, like his predecessors, along with the duties towards others […]

TBM: Part 2, Chapter 2

by Arthur Schopenhauer translated by Arthur Brodrick Bullock Critique of Kant’s Basis of Ethics: ON THE IMPERATIVE FORM OF THE KANTIAN ETHICS. Kant’s πρῶτον ψεῡδος (first false step) lies in his conception of Ethics itself, and this is found very clearly expressed on page 62 (R., p. 54): “In a system of practical philosophy we are not […]

TBM: Part 2, Chapter 1

by Arthur Schopenhauer translated by Arthur Brodrick Bullock Critique of Kant’s Basis of Ethics: PRELIMINARY REMARKS. It is Kant’s great service to moral science that he purified it of all Eudaemonism. With the ancients, Ethics was a doctrine of Eudaemonism; with the moderns for the most part it has been a doctrine of salvation. The […]

TBM: Part 1, Chapter 2

by Arthur Schopenhauer translated by Arthur Brodrick Bullock Introduction: GENERAL RETROSPECT. For the people morality comes through, and is founded on, theology, as the express will of God. On the other hand, we see philosophers, with few exceptions, taking special pains to entirely exclude this kind of foundation; indeed, so they may but avoid it, […]

TBM: Part 1, Chapter 1

by Arthur Schopenhauer translated by Arthur Brodrick Bullock Introduction: THE PROBLEM. “Why do philosophers differ so widely as to the first principles of Morals, but agree respecting the conclusions and duties which they deduce from those principles?” This is the question which was set as subject for a prize essay by the Royal Society of […]

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